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New High Oleic Acid Groundnut Variety with High Yield Potential Released in Gujarat

New High Oleic Acid Groundnut Variety with High Yield Potential Released in Gujarat

Variety Release

The collaborative work between Junagadh Agricultural University (JAU) and ICRISAT has led to the development of a Spanish bunch groundnut variety suitable for Kharif (rainy season) cultivation in Gujarat. This variety, named GG 39 (ICGV 16697), was released in March 2023 by the State Variety Release Committee of Gujarat.

The new variety with a maturity period of 113 days was developed using marker-assisted selection (MAS) at ICRISAT and underwent extensive testing from 2017 to 2021 before its release for cultivation.

Marker Assisted Selection at the Genomics Laboratory at ICRISAT.
Marker Assisted Selection at the Genomics Laboratory at ICRISAT.

Economic attributes from over 23 testing trials of the new line compared to local checks showed that it has higher kernel yield, higher oil, oleic acid, and shelling percentage. The variety exhibits several desirable traits, including high yield potential and high oleic acid content. The kernels are rose-colored, uniform in size, and spindle-shaped. In terms of disease resistance, stem rot disease was lower, while leaf spot, rust, and collar rot diseases were on par when compared to the check varieties.

"Dr Janila Pasupuleti, Principal Scientist (Groundnut Breeding) and Cluster Leader-Crop Breeding at ICRISAT stressed the significance of developing and releasing high oleic acid groundnut varieties tailored to specific agroecologies. These varieties play a vital role in achieving higher pod and kernel yields while driving widespread adoption."
ICRISAT scientist Dr Janila Pasupuleti visiting the groundnut breeding nurseries of JAU with scientists Dr R Madariya, Head of Main Oilseeds Station, and Dr Sapra, Scientist, Groundnut Breeding.
ICRISAT scientist Dr Janila Pasupuleti visiting the groundnut breeding nurseries of JAU with scientists Dr R Madariya, Head of Main Oilseeds Station, and Dr Sapra, Scientist, Groundnut Breeding.

Additionally, two Spanish Bunch high oleic acid groundnut lines developed through the JAU and ICRISAT partnership, and a Virginia Bunch high oleic acid line developed in collaboration with Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, have been promoted to the Advanced Varietal Testing stage by the All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Groundnut (AICRP-G) at a national workshop held from May 24 to 26.

"Speaking about the modernization efforts at JAU, Dr R Madariya, Head of Main Oilseeds Station, highlighted their utilization of advanced technologies such as single seed descent (SSD), speed breeding, MAS, and the generation of high-quality yield data through multi-location testing in the state. Moreover, JAU actively supports the seed system network by supplying Breeder Seed, ensuring the accessibility and distribution of superior varieties.

Participants at the workshop also sought the ICRISAT team to facilitate training for mapping rice fallow areas and designing suitable cropping system recommendations. Ms Nandini Dalai, Assistant Director of Agriculture at the Directorate of Agriculture & Food Production, Government of Odisha thanked ICRISAT for organizing an innovative training program on climate-smart agriculture.

This work aligns with SDGs 1, 2 and 17.

 

Seed Systems Crop Improvement Genetic Research Food and Nutrition Security Asia Partnerships Accelerated Crop Improvement
About The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is a pioneering International Organization committed to developing and improving dryland farming and agri-food systems to address the challenges of hunger, malnutrition, poverty, and environmental degradation affecting the 2.1 billion people residing in the drylands of Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and beyond.

ICRISAT was established under a Memorandum of Agreement between the Government of India and the CGIAR on the 28 March 1972. In accordance with the Headquarters Agreement, the Government of India has extended the status of a specified “International Organisation” to ICRISAT under section 3 of the United Nations (Privileges and Immunities) Act, 1947 of the Republic of India through Extraordinary Gazette Notification No. UI/222(66)/71, dated 28 October 1972, issued by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India.

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