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Transforming Ethiopia’s Agriculture Through Agronomy Innovation: The Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory

Transforming Ethiopia’s Agriculture Through Agronomy Innovation: The Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory

Originally published by the CGIAR

In the heartland of Basona Werana District in Ethiopia, a remarkable agricultural transformation is taking place, thanks to a groundbreaking collaboration between the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) of Ethiopia through the support of the Excellence in Agronomy (EIA) Initiative.

This collaboration has led to the developing and implementing of a game-changing approach – the Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory (LSFA). LSFA is a precision farming approach that tailors fertilizer recommendations to the unique needs of each landscape segment. The tool considers soil type, rainfall, topography, and crop variety factors. LSFA also uses digital tools to collect data and send advice to farmers, which helps to improve the accuracy of fertilizer recommendations.

Farmers are using a new approach called Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory (LSFA) to increase their crop yields and improve their livelihoods. At its core, the Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory is a testament to the power of partnerships. By integrating the wisdom of farmers, the expertise of extension agents, and the insights of agricultural researchers, this approach has ushered in a new era of precision farming tailored to the unique needs of each landscape segment. Through the magic of digital extension, this innovative strategy has optimized fertilizer usage and facilitated knowledge exchange and collaboration on an unprecedented scale.

Imagine the landscape as a canvas, each segment representing a distinct ecosystem with challenges and opportunities. This approach recognizes the significance of localized solutions in the complex mosaic of modern agriculture. By integrating the knowledge of farmers, cooperatives, the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS), and Community Groups (CGs), the Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory guarantees the creation of practical agronomic solutions informed by grassroots feedback. This approach emphasizes incorporating farmer input rather than imposing solutions from external sources.

This dynamic partnership has given birth to a thriving community of practice where insights flow freely through social media channels. Lead farmers, extension agents, agricultural experts, and researchers unite in a digital symphony of planning, implementation, monitoring, and feedback.

The result? 

Trust is nurtured, local capacity is enhanced, and evidence-based innovations find fertile ground to flourish.

The impact of the LSFA collaboration is undeniable. Farmers have witnessed a staggering 29% increase in sorghum yields, a remarkable 17% boost for teff, and a commendable 13% rise in wheat production by embracing landscape-specific fertilizer recommendations. LSFA has also helped farmers to reduce their fertilizer costs and improve their soil health.

But the benefits extend beyond the harvest. Economically optimized fertilizer application has empowered farmers to reduce costs on challenging hillslope soils while increasing nutrient investments on more promising lower slopes. This responsive strategy addresses rising fertilizer costs and underscores the vital importance of sustainable landscape management.

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Front and center in this agricultural revolution are extension agents like Almaz Mengistu. Almaz Mengistu is an extension agent in the Aba Mote kebele of Basona Werana District. She is one of the change agents who are driving the LSFA revolution. Almaz has been instrumental in training farmers on LSFA and helping them to implement the approach. She has also been working with farmers to monitor the impact of LSFA and to make adjustments as needed.

In the Aba Mote kebele of Basona Werana District, Almaz embodies the essence of change agents driving this transformative journey. Armed with a new understanding of the landscape-segmented approach and armed with digital tools, Almaz embarked on a mission of empowerment.

Her journey began with identifying participant farmers, clustering adjacent holdings into groups, and enlisting the help of lead farmers. She imparted the wisdom of landscape-specific fertilizer advisory through tailored training sessions, leaving no stone unturned. With MPRO tools, Almaz meticulously measured and delineated each farmer’s field, ensuring accuracy at every step. She communicated the required fertilizer quantities through SMS and printed memos, enabling farmers to make informed decisions.

But Almaz’s role didn’t end there. She conducted rigorous supervision, monitoring planting, weeding, urea top dressing, and pesticide application. Armed with quadrants, she collected agronomic data, sampled crops, measured biomass, and gauged yields – a symphony of meticulous care to nurture the land and its potential.

The impact of Almaz’s efforts and those of countless other extension agents reverberates across several of the districts. It’s a harmonious convergence of expertise, innovation, and determination, creating a harmonious landscape where agricultural prosperity blossoms.

The story of the Landscape Segmented Fertilizer Advisory is far from over. Its digital roots run deep, empowering farmers, extension agents, and researchers alike to join hands in sculpting a resilient agricultural future. As the landscape transforms, so does the narrative of modern farming – a tale of collaboration, innovation, and sustainable growth, with Almaz Mengistu and her fellow extension agents leading the way.

Almaz is passionate about LSFA, and she believes that it has the potential to transform agriculture in Ethiopia. She says, “LSFA is a game-changer. It is helping farmers to increase their yields, improve their livelihoods, and protect the environment.”

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LSFA’s story is about collaboration, innovation, and sustainability. It is a story of how farmers, extension agents, researchers, and scientists work together to create a more prosperous future for agriculture.

Click here to read the article on the CGIAR website.

This work aligns with SDG 17
This work aligns with SDG 17
Ramon Peachey
Ramon Peachey Director of Communications


Eastern and Southern Africa Partnerships Resilient Farm and Food Systems
About The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is a pioneering International Organization committed to developing and improving dryland farming and agri-food systems to address the challenges of hunger, malnutrition, poverty, and environmental degradation affecting the 2.1 billion people residing in the drylands of Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and beyond.

ICRISAT was established under a Memorandum of Agreement between the Government of India and the CGIAR on the 28 March 1972. In accordance with the Headquarters Agreement, the Government of India has extended the status of a specified “International Organisation” to ICRISAT under section 3 of the United Nations (Privileges and Immunities) Act, 1947 of the Republic of India through Extraordinary Gazette Notification No. UI/222(66)/71, dated 28 October 1972, issued by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India.

Our offices:

Asia: India (Headquarters - Hyderabad)

East and Southern Africa:  Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe

West and Central Africa: Mali, Niger, Nigeria

For all media inquiries, please email: [email protected]

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
Hyderabad, Telangana, India